A Lackluster 2022 for Canadian Equities – Indexology® Weblog

{“web page”:0,”yr”:2022,”monthnum”:12,”day”:19,”identify”:”a-lackluster-2022-for-canadian-equities”,”error”:””,”m”:””,”p”:0,”post_parent”:””,”subpost”:””,”subpost_id”:””,”attachment”:””,”attachment_id”:0,”pagename”:””,”page_id”:0,”second”:””,”minute”:””,”hour”:””,”w”:0,”category_name”:””,”tag”:””,”cat”:””,”tag_id”:””,”writer”:””,”author_name”:””,”feed”:””,”tb”:””,”paged”:0,”meta_key”:””,”meta_value”:””,”preview”:””,”s”:””,”sentence”:””,”title”:””,”fields”:””,”menu_order”:””,”embed”:””,”category__in”:[],”category__not_in”:[],”category__and”:[],”post__in”:[],”post__not_in”:[],”post_name__in”:[],”tag__in”:[],”tag__not_in”:[],”tag__and”:[],”tag_slug__in”:[],”tag_slug__and”:[],”post_parent__in”:[],”post_parent__not_in”:[],”author__in”:[],”author__not_in”:[],”ignore_sticky_posts”:false,”suppress_filters”:false,”cache_results”:true,”update_post_term_cache”:true,”lazy_load_term_meta”:true,”update_post_meta_cache”:true,”post_type”:””,”posts_per_page”:”5″,”nopaging”:false,”comments_per_page”:”50″,”no_found_rows”:false,”order”:”DESC”}

[{“display”:”Craig Lazzara”,”title”:”Managing Director, Core Product Management”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/craig_lazzara-353.jpg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/craig_lazzara/”},{“display”:”Fei Mei Chan”,”title”:”Director, Core Product Management”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/feimei_chan-214.jpg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/feimei_chan/”},{“display”:”Tim Edwards”,”title”:”Managing Director, Index Investment Strategy”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/timothy_edwards-368.jpg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/timothy_edwards/”},{“display”:”Hamish Preston”,”title”:”Director, U.S. Equity Indices”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/hamish_preston-436.jpg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/hamish_preston/”},{“display”:”Berlinda Liu”,”title”:”Director, Multi-Asset Indices”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/berlinda_liu-191.jpg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/berlinda_liu/”},{“display”:”Fiona Boal”,”title”:”Head of Commodities and Real Assets”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/fiona_boal-317.jpg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/fiona_boal/”},{“display”:”Anu Ganti”,”title”:”Senior Director, Index Investment Strategy”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/anu_ganti-349.jpg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/anu_ganti/”},{“display”:”Jim Wiederhold”,”title”:”Director, Commodities and Real Assets”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/jim.wiederhold-380.jpg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/jim-wiederhold/”},{“display”:”Koel Ghosh”,”title”:”Head of South Asia”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/koel_gosh-372.jpeg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/koel_gosh/”},{“display”:”Phillip Brzenk”,”title”:”Head of Multi-Asset Indices”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/phillip_brzenk-325.jpg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/phillip_brzenk/”},{“display”:”Aye Soe”,”title”:”Managing Director, Global Head of Core and Multi-Asset Product Management”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/aye_soe-350.jpg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/aye_soe/”},{“display”:”Howard Silverblatt”,”title”:”Senior Index Analyst, Product Management”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/howard_silverblatt-197.jpg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/howard_silverblatt/”},{“display”:”Michael Orzano”,”title”:”Senior Director, Global Equity Indices”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/Mike.Orzano-231.jpg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/mike-orzano/”},{“display”:”John Welling”,”title”:”Director, Global Equity Indices”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/john_welling-246.jpg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/john_welling/”},{“display”:”Maria Sanchez”,”title”:”Director, ESG Index Product Strategy, Latin America”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/maria_sanchez-243.jpg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/maria_sanchez/”},{“display”:”Wenli Bill Hao”,”title”:”Senior Lead, Strategy Indices”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/bill_hao-351.jpg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/bill_hao/”},{“display”:”Reid Steadman”,”title”:”Managing Director, Global Head of ESG & Innovation”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/reid_steadman-328.jpg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/reid_steadman/”},{“display”:”Shaun Wurzbach”,”title”:”Managing Director, Head of Commercial Group (North America)”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/shaun_wurzbach-200.jpg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/shaun_wurzbach/”},{“display”:”Silvia Kitchener”,”title”:”Director, Global Equity Indices, Latin America”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/silvia_kitchener-271.jpg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/silvia_kitchener/”},{“display”:”Akash Jain”,”title”:”Director, Global Research & Design”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/akash_jain-348.jpg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/akash_jain/”},{“display”:”Ved Malla”,”title”:”Associate Director, Client Coverage”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/ved_malla-347.jpg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/ved_malla/”},{“display”:”Jaime Merino”,”title”:”Director, Asset Owners Channel”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/jaime_merino-384.jpg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/jaime_merino/”},{“display”:”Rupert Watts”,”title”:”Senior Director, Strategy Indices”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/rupert_watts-366.jpg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/rupert_watts/”},{“display”:”Jason Giordano”,”title”:”Director, Fixed Income, Product Management”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/jason_giordano-378.jpg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/jason_giordano/”},{“display”:”Qing Li”,”title”:”Director, Global Research & Design”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/qing_li-190.jpg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/qing_li/”},{“display”:”Ben Leale-Green”,”title”:”Associate Director, Research & Design, ESG Indices”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/ben_leale-green-342.jpg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/ben_leale-green/”},{“display”:”Priscilla Luk”,”title”:”Managing Director, Global Research & Design, APAC”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/priscilla_luk-228.jpg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/priscilla_luk/”},{“display”:”Sharon Liebowitz”,”title”:”Head of Innovation”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/sharon_liebowitz-423.jpg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/sharon_liebowitz/”},{“display”:”Liyu Zeng”,”title”:”Director, Global Research & Design”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/liyu_zeng-252.png”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/liyu_zeng/”},{“display”:”Brian Luke”,”title”:”Senior Director, Head of Fixed Income Indices – Americas”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/brian.luke-344.png”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/brian-luke/”},{“display”:”Andrew Innes”,”title”:”Head of EMEA, Global Research & Design”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/andrew_innes-189.jpg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/andrew_innes/”},{“display”:”Barbara Velado”,”title”:”Senior Analyst, Research & Design, ESG Indices”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/barbara_velado-413.jpg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/barbara_velado/”},{“display”:”Michael Mell”,”title”:”Senior Director, Custom Indices”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/michael_mell-362.jpg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/michael_mell/”},{“display”:”Sherifa Issifu”,”title”:”Senior Analyst, U.S. Equity Indices”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/sherifa_issifu-373.jpg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/sherifa_issifu/”},{“display”:”Izzy Wang”,”title”:”Analyst, Strategy Indices”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/izzy.wang-326.jpg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/izzy-wang/”},{“display”:”Rachel Du”,”title”:”Senior Analyst, Global Research & Design”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/rachel_du-365.jpg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/rachel_du/”},{“display”:”Benedek Vu00f6ru00f6s”,”title”:”Director, Index Investment Strategy”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/benedek_voros-440.jpg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/benedek_voros/”},{“display”:”Jason Ye”,”title”:”Director, Strategy Indices”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/Jason%20Ye-448.jpg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/jason-ye/”},{“display”:”Jaspreet Duhra”,”title”:”Managing Director, Global Head of ESG Indices”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/jaspreet_duhra-454.jpg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/jaspreet_duhra/”},{“display”:”Daniel Perrone”,”title”:”Director and Head of Operations, ESG Indices”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/daniel_perrone-387.jpg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/daniel_perrone/”},{“display”:”Ari Rajendra”,”title”:”Senior Director, Strategy & Volatility Indices”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/Ari.Rajendra-400.jpg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/ari-rajendra/”},{“display”:”Cristopher Anguiano”,”title”:”Senior Analyst, U.S. Equity Indices”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/cristopher_anguiano-421.jpg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/cristopher_anguiano/”},{“display”:”Sean Freer”,”title”:”Director, Global Equity Indices”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/sean_freer-490.jpg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/sean_freer/”},{“display”:”Louis Bellucci”,”title”:”Senior Director, Index Governance”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/louis_bellucci-377.jpg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/louis_bellucci/”},{“display”:”George Valantasis”,”title”:”Associate Director, Strategy Indices”,”image”:”/wp-content/authors/george-valantasis-453.jpg”,”url”:”https://www.indexologyblog.com/author/george-valantasis/”}]

A Lackluster 2022 for Canadian Equities

Contributor Image

Fei Mei Chan

Director, Core Product Administration

S&P Dow Jones Indices

With lower than two weeks remaining in 2022, the S&P/TSX Composite Index is down 5.7% YTD (a comparatively delicate decline in comparison with the S&P 500®’s 17.9% drop). The S&P/TSX Composite Low Volatility Index has underperformed, which is uncommon for a down yr, falling by 9.6% YTD.

Volatility continued its uptrend because the final rebalance, rising for each sector of the S&P/TSX Composite Index. Supplies and Utilities have been among the many sectors with the most important hike in one-year volatility, up 5% and 4%, respectively.

Not surprisingly, the newest rebalance for the S&P/TSX Composite Low Volatility Index scaled again its weight in Utilities. (The index has had zero weight in Supplies since its December 2021 rebalance.) Actual Property additionally pared its weight, whereas the remaining sectors all elevated their presence, with Industrials taking over many of the slack. The most recent rebalance took impact on the shut of buying and selling on Dec. 16, 2022.

The posts on this weblog are opinions, not recommendation. Please learn our Disclaimers.

Protected Harbors and Silver Linings

Contributor Image

Anu Ganti

Senior Director, Index Funding Technique

S&P Dow Jones Indices

As we replicate on this yr’s notable market themes, one pattern is for certain: it has been a tumultuous market characterised by price hikes and inflation considerations throughout areas, with vital losses throughout asset courses. Crypto market efficiency added to jitters, with the S&P Cryptocurrency LargeCap Index down 66% YTD. Losses all year long culminated in the collapse of FTX, one of many largest international cryptocurrency exchanges, on account of its founder’s fraud costs. A turnaround in broad market equities that started in October supplied much-needed aid, with easing inflation and optimism surrounding a possible slowing tempo of U.S. price hikes, however the S&P 500® has nonetheless declined by 15% YTD.

In the meantime, U.S. Treasuries are on monitor for his or her worst yr on file, with the S&P U.S. Treasury Bond Index down 9%. Because of this, correlations between U.S. equities and bonds turned constructive, which final occurred through the second quarter of 2021, as Exhibit 1 illustrates. Corporates and excessive yield bonds additionally suffered, with the iBoxx USD Liquid Funding Grade Index and iBoxx USD Liquid Excessive Yield Index down 15% and eight%, respectively. The mixed underperformance of equities and bonds meant file losses for the normal 60/40 portfolio. Different areas weren’t spared, and the U.Okay. bond market downturn taught us the significance of liquidity, which may be arduous to search out when it most wanted. One other consequence of rising charges together with safe-haven demand globally was the rally within the U.S. greenback.

Traders’ seek for revenue led to renewed curiosity in dividend and low volatility methods, with the S&P 500 Low Volatility Excessive Dividend Index considerably outperforming the benchmark. Extra secure harbors got here from worth methods, which have outperformed progress within the U.S. and globally after a long time of underperformance. After years of mega-cap dominance, additional reversals got here with the power of smaller caps, boosting the efficiency of S&P 500 Equal Weight Index.

Rising market equities supplied little solace, with the S&P Rising BMI down 17% YTD, though a rebound within the ultimate quarter was aided by optimism within the U.S., a pullback within the greenback and particularly the rebound in China equities on account of the potential transfer away from strict pandemic insurance policies. The swings in Chinese language fairness efficiency make their diversification properties attention-grabbing to research. In Exhibit 2, we calculate the unfold in trailing 12-month volatility between the S&P Rising BMI versus S&P Rising Ex-China BMI. When this unfold is constructive, the inclusion of the nation will increase volatility within the benchmark; when unfavorable, the nation acts as a diversifier. Be aware the constructive unfold for China since March 2021, highlighting China’s change from a volatility diversifier to a volatility amplifier, because the nation’s fortunes have more and more been tied to the remainder of the rising markets.

Unsurprisingly, as macro headwinds whipsawed markets, volatility rose.  Index dispersion remained elevated, probably resulting in comparatively higher U.S. large-cap fund outperformance within the first half of the yr by creating better alternatives so as to add worth from inventory choice. Volatility additionally manifested itself within the rising variations amongst international sectors and international locations that we see in Exhibit 3, which means better potential alternatives so as to add worth from sector and nation allocation. The S&P International 1200 Vitality led amongst sectors with a YTD acquire of 46%, pushed by the surge in oil costs from provide shocks, together with the Russia-Ukraine battle and corporations’ elevated willingness to take part within the power transition. In distinction to China, Vitality, regardless of being essentially the most unstable sector, has acted as a volatility diversifier.

As uncertainty over the long run international financial outlook lingers, with considerations round This fall company earnings, a file inversion between 2- and 10-year Treasury yields, alongside a backdrop of geopolitical tensions, forecasting the market consequence for 2023 could also be a futile train. However a few silver linings are value noting: the torrid losses in mounted revenue have made bonds extra enticing with comparatively excessive present yields, notably within the rising markets and excessive yield house. So far as equities are involved, U.S. historical past would possibly provide a glimmer of hope, with Exhibit 4 exhibiting that since 1936, of the 9 prior years with double-digit losses, seven of these years skilled double-digit features the next yr, proof that the perfect guess of future returns doesn’t rely on the instant previous.

The posts on this weblog are opinions, not recommendation. Please learn our Disclaimers.

Paying Dividends: Measuring Rising Revenue in opposition to Declining Dangers within the iBoxx Fastened Revenue Indices

Contributor Image

Brian Luke

Senior Director, Head of Fastened Revenue Indices – Americas

S&P Dow Jones Indices

With the ZIRP world1 firmly within the rear view, the “revenue” in mounted revenue is again. As yields collapsed to file lows, income-starved buyers sought different sources of revenue resembling dividend methods, which attracted file flows in associated merchandise all through 2022. Now, with funding grade bond yields hitting as excessive as 6%, bonds are again to providing compelling revenue alternatives.

Along with enhanced revenue, we analyze widespread danger alerts resembling credit score unfold, liquidity and rate of interest danger to evaluate the present state of the bond market. Inserting index attributes in a historic context, danger elements point out stabilizing spreads and liquidity with declining rate of interest danger within the broad indices. Lastly, we examine bond yields to different sources of revenue, with increased breakeven inflation yields supplied in Treasury bonds in comparison with dividend yields within the S&P 500.

After greater than a decade of funding grade firms paying a median of three.6%, and by no means greater than 5%, yields on the iBoxx $ Liquid Funding Company Bond Index reached as excessive as 6.31% this summer season, a virtually 4 normal deviation transfer from its 10-year common, earlier than settling within the mid-5% vary. Whereas 3 normal deviation strikes are uncommon, a transfer of 4 normal deviations enters “black swan” territory. Merely put, funding grade bond yields haven’t been this excessive because the aftermath of the credit score disaster. Additional, the spreads supplied in extra of Treasuries by the iBoxx $ Liquid Funding Grade Company Bond Index are buying and selling across the 10-year common of 150 bps and much from the 380 bps seen through the COVID-induced sell-off, suggesting traditionally excessive yields are usually not a results of degrading credit score high quality and the impression on rising charges is contained to the Treasury market.

Throughout occasions of stress, volatility can adversely have an effect on liquidity, notably in mounted revenue. Treasury market liquidity has declined by a median of 0.1 bps of yield this yr in comparison with 2021. The common bid/ask yields of the iBoxx Treasury Bond Index YTD rose to a median of 0.45 bps from 0.35 bps in 2021. Conversely, the liquidity of the iBoxx $ Liquid Funding Grade Company Bond Index has remained comparatively steady by advantage of the index methodology deciding on essentially the most traded bonds, with the typical bid/provide unfold effectively beneath pandemic highs, a bonus magnified throughout harassed markets.

Whereas present yields seem enticing on a historic foundation and relative to dividends, potential danger stays inherent in mounted revenue. A bond’s sensitivity to rising charges is finest measured by means of its period, for each given unit of period magnifies the unfavorable impression on costs when yields rise. All through the pandemic, company officers took benefit of low borrowing prices to lift debt and lengthen the period of their loans, thereby extending total index period and rising sensitivity to rate of interest will increase. As borrowing dropped and debt provide dropped, period fell again to historic ranges. The iBoxx $ Liquid Funding Grade Company Bond Index period has shed by over a yr in 2022 and is now barely beneath its long-term common. With a decrease period profile, the index is much less delicate to potential price shocks going ahead.

In comparison on an actual (inflation-adjusted) foundation, it seems bonds are providing revenue effectively in extra of these supplied by many shares. The S&P U.S. TIPS 10-12 months Index represents the true yield supplied by the market. Indicative dividend yields of shares within the S&P 500® are at their lowest degree in not less than a decade, whereas the yield premium of IBOXIG yields are their highest in not less than a decade.

Because the Fed combats inflation to stabilize the economic system, property together with mounted revenue and progress shares are adversely affected. Whereas many have flocked to dividend methods, mounted revenue stays enticing as a standard, non-alternative, supply of revenue. Improved liquidity by means of correct index building, mixed with declining rate of interest danger, can probably scale back dangers that plagued earlier time intervals. Bonds could also be again, and thru an index lens, are wanting higher and higher.

1 ZIRP refers to international central banks pursuing a zero-interest price coverage (ZIRP)

The posts on this weblog are opinions, not recommendation. Please learn our Disclaimers.

Analyzing the Effectiveness of Defensive Technique Indices

Contributor Image

What does historical past must say in regards to the effectiveness of issue indices as defensive instruments? S&P DJI’s Craig Lazzara explores protection past bonds and the way defensive elements affect danger/return in numerous market environments.

The posts on this weblog are opinions, not recommendation. Please learn our Disclaimers.

An Index Strategy to World Cup Success

Contributor Image

Sean Freer

Director, International Fairness Indices

S&P Dow Jones Indices

Soccer fanatics throughout the globe are watching intently to see which of the 32 international locations that certified for the FIFA World Cup finals in Qatar will elevate the trophy in glory.

Each 4 years, the worldwide highlight scrutinizes every nation’s footballing prowess (or lack thereof). Past coaches, pundits and tacticians, the World Cup provides loads of fodder for social scientists, economists and even political theorists to research and try and determine traits or patterns that will contribute to World Cup success.

If event success have been all the way down to inhabitants dimension, China and India would have absolutely received the cup by now. If the economic system dimension or GDP per capita have been a significant metric, then the U.S., Luxembourg or Singapore would absolutely have come near successful the coveted cup by now. The international locations topping the UN’s Human Growth Index (Switzerland, Norway and Iceland) haven’t received a World Cup both. Actually, plenty of these notable mentions not often qualify for the finals.

S&P Dow Jones Indices (S&P DJI) actually doesn’t purport to have remoted the key ingredient for World Cup success, however we do know indices and are keenly following competing international locations which are included within the S&P International BMI (Broad Market Index) and S&P Frontier BMI.

S&P DJI Market Classifications

The S&P International BMI consists of 49 markets, of which 25 are categorised as developed and 24 as rising, whereas the S&P Frontier BMI consists of 31 further markets. The S&P International BMI includes over 14,000 corporations and covers all publicly listed equities with float-adjusted market values above USD 100 million that meet minimal liquidity standards. The S&P Frontier BMI is designed to measure the efficiency of comparatively smaller and fewer liquid markets.

Of the 32 international locations which have certified for the 2022 World Cup finals, 20 are included within the S&P International BMI, masking 87.7% of the index’s market capitalization; 15 of those are thought-about developed, whereas the opposite 5 are rising. Seven different competing international locations are represented inside the S&P Frontier BMI, masking simply over a 3rd of the index’s market capitalization, whereas the remaining 5 qualifiers don’t presently meet frontier market standards.

Developed Markets Have Higher FIFA Rankings

Wanting on the common FIFA rating of every section, the developed cohort has the bottom at 15.8, adopted by the international locations not categorised in S&P DJI’s international fairness index sequence at 25.8. Regardless of having the top-ranked nation (Brazil), the rising cohort’s common rank is 28.2, which is increased than the frontier cohort at 27.1.

Developed Markets Overrepresented on the World Cup Finals

FIFA membership consists of over 200 nations and associations, and solely 25 of these are categorised as developed markets by S&P DJI. Nonetheless, these nations1 characterize over 40% of the international locations (15 of 32) that certified for the 2022 finals and over 60% of the groups that progressed to the spherical of 16.

Because the S&P International BMI launched in 1989, there have been eight World Cup finals, two have been received by an rising market—Brazil—and the opposite six by international locations categorised as developed markets—Germany, France, Italy and Spain.

Whereas Brazil is the favourite to be within the World Cup Closing on Dec. 18, 2022, kind apart, it appears that evidently international locations from the developed markets cohort may have the very best chance of World Cup success. Whereas the frontier cohort has bucked the pattern outperforming rising.

Notable Outperformers and Underperformers

Given every nation’s stature within the S&P International BMI by composition weight and variety of corporations, Canada, Germany and Denmark could be seen as underperformers when it comes to international market stature and footballing prowess by not progressing past the group stage at this yr’s World Cup.

Whereas Argentina, Brazil and Croatia have outperformed their market stature, they’re extremely positioned of their FIFA rankings—so this isn’t surprising. Shocking outperformers could be Morocco, Ghana and Senegal primarily based on their restricted investable market stature.

S&P Dow Jones Indices Market Classification Methodology may be discovered right here: https://www.spglobal.com/spdji/en/paperwork/index-policies/methodology-country-classification.pdf.

1 The U.Okay. is classed as one developed market however represented in multiples associations inside FIFA—England, Northern Eire, Gibraltar, Scotland and Wales.

The posts on this weblog are opinions, not recommendation. Please learn our Disclaimers.

Related Articles


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Latest Articles